Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Under Islamic Law From Tort to Special Privileges
European Journal of Law Reform, 2014, 16 (2), 505-520
وضعیت چاپ :
نحوه تهیه :
Knowledge and innovation, which are the basis of intellectual property rights, are public goods leading to some kind of market failure in terms of positive externalities.
Such a market failure undermines the motivation for production of knowledge and innovation, which in turn would be a social loss and distributive injustice.
Therefore, there has to be a response beyond the mere respect for basic property rights under Islamic law according to the Rule of Prohibition of Harm to others.
The general application of such a rule and within the private law paradigm confers merely normal protection to intellectual property rights, like any other property
rights, which is too little too late. However, affording the extra protection and special privileges to the owner of such rights as a mechanism to compensate the market and private law failure requires a different interpretation of this rule. This article suggests that ownership rights in knowledge and innovation could benefit from this rule at two levels: a general level of basic rights and a special level of privileges based on a social trade-off and distributive justice to avert a social loss. As such, Islamic law is capable of offering such special privileges to the owner of intellectual
property rights who is willing to make a deal with society for improved but limited property rights.